Giovanni Maria Mastai-Feretti

Born: May 13, 1792 AD
Died: 1878 AD, at 85 years of age.

Nationality: Italian
Categories: Popes

1792 - Born in Senigallia into the noble family of Girolamo dei conti Ferretti, on the 13th of May.

1819 - He was ordained.

1823 - He worked initially as the rector of the Tata Giovanni Institute in Rome before being sent to Chile and Peru.

1825 - To assist the Apostolic Nuncio, Msgr Giovanni Muzi, in the first mission to post-revolutionary South America.

1825 - He returned to become head of the hospital of San Michele in Rome and canon of Santa Maria in Via Lata.

1827 - Archbishop of Spoleto.

1831 - The abortive revolution that had begun in Parma and Modena spread to Spoleto; the Archbishop obtained a general pardon after it was suppressed, gaining him a reputation for being liberal.

1839 - He was moved to the more prestigious diocese of Imola, was made a cardinal in pectore.

1840 - He was publicly announced as Cardinal Priest of Santi Pietro e Marcellino.

1846 - Pius IX was crowned on the 21st of June and chose Cardinal Gizzi as his Secretary of State. Liberal Europe applauded his election.

         - In November, he denounced secret societies, the Bible associations, false philosophy, communism, and the press.

1869 - Convened 1st Vatican Council.

1870 - Established doctrine of ex cathedra papal infallibility.

1878 - Died on the 7th of February from natural causes.

Page last updated: 7:10am, 08th Jun '07
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