Pauling, Linus Carl

Portrait
Born: 1901 AD
Died: 1994 AD, at 93 years of age.

Nationality: American
Categories: Biologists, Chemists


1901 - Born on February 28th in Portland, Oregon. American chemist who applied quantum mechanics to the study of molecular structures, particularly in connection with chemical bonding.

1922 - Pauling received his B.S. in chemical engineering at Oregon State Agricultural College (now Oregon State University), Corvallis.

1925 - Became a graduate assistant at the California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, where he took his Ph.D. in physical chemistry.

1927 - He returned to the California Institute of Technology as assistant professor of chemistry.

1934 - Pauling began to apply his knowledge of molecular structure to the complex molecules of living tissues, particularly in connection with proteins.

1936 - Became a full professor and served as director of the Gates and Crellin Laboratories of Chemistry.

1939 - His numerous journal articles during his early career and were consolidated in his book The Nature of the Chemical Bond, and the Structure of Molecules and Crystals.

1954 - Pauling received the Nobel Prize for Chemistry.

         - Pauling's chemical work, for which he received his first Nobel Prize, dealt with the many aspects of molecular structure, ranging from simple molecules to proteins.

1958 - He brought to the United Nations a petition signed by 11,021 scientists from all over the world urging an end to nuclear weapons tests.

1962 - Recipient of the Nobel Prize for Peace (the latter in recognition of his efforts on behalf of the international control of nuclear weapons and his campaigns against nuclear testing).

1963 - He left the California Institute of Technology to become a staff member of the Center for the Study of Democratic Institutions at Santa Barbara, where he largely devoted himself to the study of problems of peace and war.

1965 - Pauling also developed a molecular model for the explanation of anesthesia that was made public, introduced ideas toward the understanding of memory processes, and postulated a theory of the atomic nucleus that had certain advantages over other models.

1969 - Pauling resigned a position he had held for two years with the University of California, San Diego, in protest against the educational policies of the governor of California.

1973 - He founded the Linus Pauling Institute of Science and Medicine to study the prevention and treatment of illness through the intake of optimum doses of vitamins and minerals, especially the daily intake of megadoses (6 to 18 grams) of vitamin C.

1974 - He joined the chemistry department of Stanford University in California, where he was named professor emeritus.

1986 - His theories on vitamin C and nutrition therapy, which he promoted in his books Vitamin C and the Common Cold, Cancer and Vitamin C, and How to Live Longer and Feel Better, provoked much controversy in the medical community.

1994 - Died on August 29th in Big Sur, California.

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