Menelik II

Portrait
Born: Aug 17, 1844 AD
Died: 1913 AD, at 69 years of age.

Nationality: Ethiopian
Categories: King


1844 - Born on the 17th of August in Ankober, Shewa.

         - His forefathers had been rulers of Menz, the heartland of Shewa, since the 17th century, and it has been claimed that further back they were related to the Solomonid line of emperors who ruled Ethiopie.

1855 - The vigorous emperor of Ethiopia, Tewodros II, invaded the then semi-independent kingdom of Shewa.

1859 - He was able to displace Bezebeh, who had been appointed ruler by the emperor and subsequently declared himself negus of the province.

1865 - Sahle Miriam contrived to escape from Magdela and returned to Shewa, which had remained in a state of sporadic unrest and revolt against Tewodros.

1868 - On the death of Tewodros, Sahle Miriam, as negus of Shewa, aspired to the position of emperor.

1868-1872 - He was not the only claimant and had to submit first to Tekle Giorgis.

1889 - Before Yohannes died fighting the Sudanese, he obliged Sahle Miriam to direct his ambitions mainly to the south and east. Sahle Miriam subsequently incorporated Arusi, Harer, Jima, Kefa, and the several kingdoms and states of southern Ethiopia within his domains.

         - The Italians interpreted Article XVII of the Treaty of Wichale, concluded by the Italians and Menilek, as giving Italy a protectorate over Ethiopia.

1893 - He learned of the Italian interpretation, which was gaining some acceptance in Europe, he at once denied it and renounced the whole treaty.

1906-1907 - Menilek suffered a series of paralytic strokes, and power passed to his wife, Empress Taitu, to Ras Tesemma, who became regent, and to Lij Iyasu, the grandson who was to succeed him.

1913 - Died on the 12th of December in Addis Ababa.


 


Page last updated: 12:42pm, 26th Jun '07
Return to full site

This page is copyright © s9.com