Martinu, Bohuslav

Portrait
Born: Nov 08, 1890 AD
Died: 1959 AD, at 68 years of age.

Nationality: Czech
Categories: Composers


1890 - Born on December 8th in Poli ka, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (now in Czech Republic). A modern Czech composer whose works exhibit a distinctive blend of French and Czech influences.

1913 - Martino studied violin from age six, attended and was expelled from the Prague Conservatory, and joined the Prague Philharmonic Orchestra.

1922 - He studied under Josef Suk, a leader of the movement toward nationalism in Czech music.

1923 - He went to Paris to study under the French composer Albert Roussel.

1925-1928 - His orchestral works Poli ka (Half-Time) and La Bagarre were inspired by contemporary events, respectively a Czech-French football (soccer) game and the crowds that met Charles Lindbergh's plane as it ended its transatlantic flight.

1940 - Martino fled the German invasion of France and settled in the United States, where he taught at Princeton University and at the Berkshire Music Center at Tanglewood, Massachusetts.

1941 - Of his later works, the Concerto grosso for chamber orchestra uses the alternation between soloists and full orchestra found in the Baroque concerto grosso and shows Martino's skill in polyphonic writing.

1946 - He returned to Prague and taught at the conservatory there.

1943 - His Memorial to Lidice is a short symphonic poem commemorating Czechs killed by the Nazis during their destruction of the village of Lidice.

1957 - He was in Rome as composer in residence at the American Academy.

1959 - Died on August 28th in Liestal, Switzerland.

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