Malcolm X

Portrait
Born: May 19, 1925 AD
Died: 1965 AD, at 39 years of age.

Nationality: German
Categories: Activists


1925 - Born on May 19th in Omaha, Nebraska. A black militant leader who articulated concepts of race pride and black nationalism in the early 1960s. 1946 - While in prison for burglary, he was converted to the Black Muslim faith (Nation of Islam); this sect professed the superiority of black people and the inherent evil of whites. 1952 - Released from prison, Malcolm went to Nation of Islam headquarters in Chicago, met the sect's leader, Elijah Muhammad, and embraced its rigorous asceticism. 1961 - He founded Muhammad Speaks, the official publication of the movement. He was eventually assigned to be minister of the important Mosque Number Seven in New York City's Harlem area. 1963 - Malcolm X described the assassination of President John F. Kennedy as a “case of chickens coming home to roost”—an instance of the kind of violence that whites had long used against blacks. 1964 - On March, Malcolm X left the Nation of Islam and announced the formation of his own religious organization.          - As a result of a pilgrimage he took to Mecca in April, he modified his views of black separatism, declaring that he no longer believed whites to be innately evil and acknowledging his vision of the possibility of world brotherhood. In October, he reaffirmed his conversion to orthodox Islm. 1965 - He died on February 21st in New York, New York. He was shot to death at a rally of his followers at a Harlem ballroom. Three Black Muslims were convicted of the murder.          - After his assassination, the widespread distribution of his life story "The Autobiography of Malcolm X" made him an ideological hero, especially among black youth.
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