1908 - Lyndon Baines Johnson was born on August 27th in Texas with a rural background.
1937 - Representative from Texas.
1949 - Senator of Texas.
1951 - Senate majority whip.
1953 - Senate minority leader.
1955 - Senate majority leader.
1961 - Vice-president of United States.
1963 - The 36th president of United States, after President Kennedy was Assassinated.
1964 - Signed Economic Opportunity Act, creating Office of Economic Opportunity and programs including Job Corps, VISTA, and Head Start.
- Signed Civil Rights Act, authorizing US Attorney General to initiate desegregation lawsuits and barring discrimination in employment and in public facilities.
- Ordered US air strikes against naval installations in North Vietnam to retaliate for apparent North Vietnamese torpedoing of US destroyers (Maddox and C. Turner Joy) in Gulf of Tonkin.
1965 - Initiated US air raids over North Vietnam (Operation Rolling Thunder).
- Sent contingent of US Marines to Danang, marking official beginning of US ground combat in Vietnam War.
- Signed Voting Rights Act, barring literacy tests for voting and initiating federal voter registration programs.
- Initiated Medicare and Medicaid.
1966 - Signed Fair Packaging and Labeling Act, requiring labeling of contents, ingredients, and quantities of consumer items
1967 - Age Discrimination in Employment Act.
1968 - Signed Civil Rights Act, barring housing discrimination and increasing penalties for civil rights violations.
- Chose not to seek reelection after nearly losing to Eugene McCarthy New Hampshire primary, simultaneously announcing intention to negotiate end to US involvement in Vietnam War.
1973 - He died of a heart attack suffered at his LBJ Ranch on January 22nd.
NASA made new explorations in the space program Johnson helped champion since its start. When three astronauts successfully orbited the moon in December 1968, Johnson congratulated them: "You've taken ... all of us, all over the world, into a new era."
Johnson created a panel in 1964 headed by Chief Justice Earl Warren, known as the Warren Commission, to investigate Kennedy's assassination. The commission conducted hearings and concluded that Lee Harvey Oswald acted alone in the assassination. Not everyone agreed with the Warren Commission, however, and numerous public and private investigations continued for decades after Johnson left office.
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