Nguyen Sinh Cung
1890 - Born on May 19th in Hoang Tru, Vietnam, French Indochina. Ho also known as Nguyen Tat Thanh, or Nguyen Ai Quoc, was one of the prime movers of the post-World War II anticolonial movement in Asia and one of the most influential communist leaders of the 20th century.
1904-1908 - He had a wretched childhood, but between the ages of 14 and 18 he was able to study at a grammar school in Hue.
1911 - He found work as a cook on a French steamer, using the name, Ba. He was a seaman for more than three years, visiting various African ports and the American cities of Boston and New York.
1915-1917 - After living in London, he moved to France, where he worked, in turn, as a gardener, sweeper, waiter, photo retoucher, and oven stoker.
- He became an active socialist, under the name Nguyen Ai Quoc (“Nguyen the Patriot”).
1919 - Addressed an eight-point petition to the representatives of the great powers at the Versailles Peace Conference that concluded World War I.
1920 - Ho joined the French Communists when they withdrew from the Socialist Party in December.
1924 - Under the assumed name of Ly Thuy, Ho went to Canton, a Communist stronghold, where he recruited the first cadres of the Vietnamese nationalist movement, organizing them into the Vietnam Thanh Nien Cach Menh Dong Chi Hoi (“Vietnamese Revolutionary Youth Association”), which became famous under the name Thanh Nien.
1928 - He went to Brussels and Paris and then to Siam (now Thailand), where he spent two years as a representative of the Communist International, the world organization of Communist parties, in Southeast Asia. His followers, however, remained in South China.
1929 - Meeting in Hong Kong in May, members of the Thanh Nien decided to form an Indochinese Communist Party.
1930 - Founded the Indochina Communist Party.
1941 - He was the successor of the Viet-Minh.
1945-1969 - He was the president of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam).
1969 - Died September 2nd in Hanoi, Vietnam. His remains were mummified.
Page last updated: 1:00am, 15th Feb '07