1885 - Born in Germany, but became a natuaralized US citizen.
1905 - She studied in Leipzig and Berlin, after which her early career was centered at the Berlin Königliche Oper.
1907 - She was first heard at Covent Garden in a double bill as Mozart’s Bastienne and Humperdinck’s Gretel, then as Eva and Mrs Ford.
1911 - She had been introduced to Berlin.
1912 - Her Metropolitan debut on the 27th of December, as Marguerite de Valois in a brilliantly cast Les Huguenots, began a period of seven years with that company, during which she settled in New York.
- She sang Eva and Euryanthe there under Toscanini, besides many of the lighter Verdi, Rossini and Donizetti parts, in which she was regarded as the natural successor of Sembrich.
1913 - Later introduced to New York.
1914 - Her fine schooling and purity of tone immediately marked her out, but her big London success came during Beecham’s Drury Lane season.
1919 - After a farewell Metropolitan appearance on the 10th of February, in Crispino e la comare, she devoted herself mainly to a concert career.
1955 - Died this year.
Page last updated: 8:41am, 06th Jul '07