Frank, Annlies Mary
1929 - Born on June 12th in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. Annelies Marie Frank, a young Jewish girl whose diary of her family's two years in hiding during the German occupation of The Netherlands became a classic of war literature.
1941 - Anne was compelled to transfer from a public to a Jewish school after German forces occupied The Netherlands.
1942 - Faced with deportation, the Franks went into hiding on July 9th, with four other Jews in the back-room office and warehouse of Otto Frank's food-products business.
- She wrote her first diary entry at the age of 13.
1944 - With the aid of a few non-Jewish friends who smuggled in food and other supplies, they lived confined to their secret annex until August 4th, when the Gestapo, acting on a tip from Dutch informers, discovered them.
- The family was transported to Westerbork, a transit camp in The Netherlands, and from there to Auschwitz in German-occupied Poland on September 3rd, on the last transport to leave Westerbork for Auschwitz.
- Anne and her sister Margot were transferred to Bergen-Belsen the following month.
1945 - Anne's mother died in early January from starvation, just before the evacuation of Auschwitz on January 18th.
- Both Anne and Margot died in a typhus epidemic in March, only weeks before the liberation of Bergen-Belsen. They died in Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, Lower Saxony, Germany.
- Otto Frank was found hospitalized at Auschwitz when it was liberated by Russian troops on January 27th.
1947 - Friends who had searched the family's hiding place after their capture later gave Otto Frank the papers left behind by the Gestapo. Among them he found Anne's diary, which was published as The Diary of a Young Girl (originally in Dutch).
Page last updated: 2:52am, 14th Feb '07