Castlereagh, Robert Stewart, II Viscount

Born: Jun 17, 1769 AD
Died: 1822 AD, at 53 years of age.

Nationality: Unknown
Categories: Diplomat, Politician

1769 - He was born on the 18th of June in Dublin.

1794 - He married Emily Anne Hobart, a beautiful if slightly eccentric woman to whom he remained devotedly attached throughout their long and childless marriage.

1798 - In March, he served as acting chief secretary to his relative Earl Camden, then lord lieutenant of Ireland.

         - In November, he was formally appointed to that office by Camden's successor, Lord Cornwallis.

1801 - Castlereagh continued to advise Henry Addington's ministry on Irish questions.

1802 - In July, he was appointed president of the Board of Control responsible for Indian affairs.

1805 - His first important task, the dispatch of a British expeditionary force to Hanover, was rendered ineffectual by Napoleon's victory at Austerlitz but the move convinced Castlereagh of the strategic value of the British Army in continental warfare.

1806 - In January, he left office and became the chief opposition spokesman on foreign and military affairs.

1807 - He returned to the War Department in the Duke of Portland's ministry and showed his determination to engage in major warfare against a continent now completely dominated by Napoleon.

1809 - Castlereagh was influential in securing the command for Sir Arthur Wellesley (later duke of Wellington).

1812 - He rejoined the government as secretary for foreign affairs, and after Prime Minister Perceval's assassination in May he became leader of the House of Commons.

1814 - He secured acceptance in principle of his plans for a peace settlement under the control of the great powers.

1820 - He refused to treat their meeting at Troppau in October as a full European congress, and after the Congress of Laibach, he openly repudiated the Troppau principle of intervention and coercion.

1822 - He died on the 22nd of August in London.
Page last updated: 8:19am, 19th Sep '07
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