Butler, Smedley Darlington
Born: Jul 30, 1881 AD
Died: 1940 AD, at 58 years of age.
1881 - Butler was born in West Chester, Pennsylvania on the 30th of July. 1898 - Smedley Butler dropped out when the United States declared war against Spain. 1900 - Butler was twice wounded during the Boxer Rebellion. During the Battle of Tientsin on the 13th of July, Butler climbed out of a trench to retrieve a wounded officer for medical attention, whereupon he was shot in the thigh. 1903 - Butler fought to protect the U.S. Consulate in Honduras from rebels. 1909-1912. In the latter part of 1912 he served in Nicaragua. In 1914 for his bravery at Vera Cruz, Mexico, he was awarded his first Congressional Medal of Honor, and in 1915 for his heroism in the Haitian campaign he was awarded a second MOH. In 1924 while serving as the Commanding General of the Marine base at Quantico, VA, he accepted a year's leave of absence to serve as the Director of Public Safety for the city of Philadelphia, PA. 1927 - Butler was commander of the Marine Expeditionary Force in China. He cleverly parlayed among various nationalist generals and warlords in order to protect American lives and property, and ultimately won the public acclaim of contending Chinese leaders. 1929 - When Butler returned to the United States, he was promoted. At 48, he became the Marine Corps' youngest major general. 1931 - Butler retired from active duty on the 1st of October. 1934 - Butler came forward and reported to the U.S. Congress that a group of wealthy pro-Fascist industrialists had been plotting to overthrow the government of President Franklin D. Roosevelt in a right-wing military coup. - He ran for the U.S. Senate in the Republican primary in Pennsylvania, allied with Gifford Pinchot, but was defeated by Senator James J. Davis. 1935-1937 - He served as a spokesman for the American League Against War and Fascism (which some considered communist-dominated). 1940 - Smedley Butler died at Naval Hospital, Philadelphia on the 21st of June.
Page last updated: 10:55am, 15th Dec '08