Blumberg, Baruch Samuel

Born: Jul 28, 1925 AD
Currently alive, at 89 years of age.

Nationality: American
Categories: Scientist

1925 - Baruch Samuel Blumberg was born on the 28th of July in Brooklyn, New York. US virologist.

1943 - Graduated from Far Rockaway High School in Brooklyn and he joined the US Navy.

       - He served on a landing craft before he was selected to study at Union College in Schenectady, New York.

1945 - He graduated at Union College in Schenectady, NY with honors.

       - Entered the graduate program in mathematics at Columbia University.

1951 - Received his M.D. at Columbia's College of Physicians and Surgeons.

1953-1955 - He interned at Bellevue Hospital in Manhattan, New York, and then spent 2 years in the Arthritis Division of Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center as a clinical fellow in medicine doing research in biochemistry.

1955-1957 - He then went to England, where he continued his research in biochemistry at Balliol College, Oxford University.

1957 - Earned his Ph.D. in biochemistry at Balliol College, Oxford.

       - He traveled to Nigeria, where he studied inherited polymorphisms (genetic variations in a species) of milk and hemoglobin.

1957-1964 - Blumberg was associated with the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in Bethesda,  Maryland.

1963 - He studied the blood of many ethnic groups, and he and a colleague made an unexpected discovery; in the blood serum of an Australian aborigine.

1964 - Member of the Fox Chase Cancer Center in Philadelphia.

       - Blumberg left the NIH to serve as associate director of clinical research at the Fox Chase Cancer Research Center in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

       - He later became vice president for population oncology at the center, also serving as professor of medicine and professor of anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania.

1967 - They found an antigen that later was determined to be part of a virus that causes hepatitis B, the most severe form of hepatitis.

1976 - Recipient of the Nobel Prize in Medicine for "discoveries concerning new mechanisms for the origin and dissemination of infectious diseases."

       - Blumberg identified the Hepatitis B virus, and later developed the diagnostic test and vaccine for it.

1977 - University Professor of Medicine and Anthropology at the University of Pennsylvania.

1989-1994 - He was Master of Balliol College.

1995 - He was honored on a stamp issued by Maldive Islands.

1999-2002 - Director of the NASA Astrobiology Institute at the Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, California.

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