Blanqui, Louis Auguste

Portrait
Born: Feb 08, 1805 AD
Died: 1881 AD, at 75 years of age.

Nationality: French
Categories: Political Activists


1805 - Born on the 8th of February in Puget-Théniers, Alpes-Maritimes, where his father, Jean Dominique Blanqui, was subprefect.

       - He studied both law and medicine, but found his real vocation in politics, and quickly became a champion of the most advanced opinions.

1824 - A member of the Carbonari society, he took an active part in most republican conspiracies during this period.

1827 - Under the reign of Charles X, he participated in a street fight in Rue Saint-Denis, during which he was seriously injured.

1829 - He joined Pierre Leroux's Globe newspaper before taking part to the July Revolution.

1830 - He then joined the Amis du Peuple ("The People's Friends") society, where he made acquaintances with Philippe Buonarroti, Raspail, and Armand Barbès.

1830-1848 - He was condemned to repeated terms of imprisonment for maintaining the doctrine of republicanism during the reign of Louis Philippe.

1839 - In May, a Blanquist inspired uprising took place in Paris, in which the League of the Just, forerunners of Karl Marx's Communist League, participated.

1848 - He was released during the revolution, only to resume his attacks on existing institutions.

1865 - While serving a further term of imprisonment under the Empire, he escaped, and continued his propaganda campaign against the government from abroad, until the general amnesty of enabled him to return to France.

1870 - Blanqui's predilection for violence was illustrated by two unsuccessful armed demonstrations: one on January 12th at the funeral of Victor Noir, the journalist shot by Pierre Bonaparte; the other on August 14th, when he led an attempt to seize some guns from a barracks.

1872 - He was condemned along with the other members of the Commune to transportation; on account of his broken health this sentence was again commuted to one of imprisonment.

1879 - He was elected a deputy for Bordeaux; although the election was pronounced invalid, Blanqui was freed, and immediately resumed his work of agitation.

1881 - After a speech at a revolutionary meeting in Paris, he was struck down by apoplexy. He died on the 1st of January.
Page last updated: 1:45pm, 13th Aug '07
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