Black, James, Sir

Born: Jul 14, 1924 AD
Currently alive, at 91 years of age.

Nationality: British
Categories: Biochemist

1924 - Sir James Black was born on the 14th of July. British biochemist and pharmacologist.

1946 - Black earned a medical degree from the University of St. Andrews in Scotland.

1958-1964 - He was employed by ICI Pharmaceuticals.

         - He taught at various universities for the next 10 years and then joined Imperial Chemical Industries as a senior pharmacologist.

         - His reasoning on how the heart's workload could be reduced led to the discovery of beta-blockers.

1972 - His deductions on acid secretion in the stomach resulted in the introduction of cimetidine in the treatment of stomach ulcers.

1973-1978 - Appointed professor of pharmacology at University College London.

         - He became head of biological research at Smith Kline & French Laboratories, and he joined the Wellcome Research Laboratories as director of therapeutic research.

1984 - Served as a professor of analytical pharmacology in King's College, London.

1976 - Elected a Fellow of the Royal Society and was awarded the Lasker award.

1979 - He was awarded the Artois-Baillet Latour Health Prize.

1981 - He was knighted as a Knight Bachelor.

1988 - Along with George H. Hitchings and Gertrude B. Elion) received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his development of two important drugs, propranolol and cimetidine.

1992 - Sir James was the chancellor of the University of Dundee in Scotland.

1993 - He became an emeritus at King's College, London.

2000 - Appointed to the Order of Merit by Queen Elizabeth II.

2006 - Sir James Black Centre was officially incorporated into the College of Life Sciences.
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