Bessemer, Henry, Sir
Born: Jan 19, 1813 AD
Died: 1898 AD, at 85 years of age.
1813 - Born on the 19th of January in Hertfordshire, England. English inventor, engineer and metallurgist.
1848 - Bessemer patented a method for making a continuous ribbon of sheet glass but it was not successful.
1855-1856 - Developed the first process for manufacturing steel inexpensively, leading to the development of the Bessemer converter.
- In response to the need for guns in the Crimean War, he took out a series of patents covering an economical process in which molten pig-iron can be turned directly into steel by blowing air through it in a tilting converter (the Bessemer process).
1857 - Obtained a patent for the casting of metal between contra rotating rollers.
1859 - He established a steelworks at Sheffield, specializing in guns and, later, steel rails.
1879 - The Royal Society admitted him as a fellow and the government honored him with a knighthood.
1898 - Bessemer died on 15th of March in Denmark Hill, London.
- Invented machine for making fine brass powder, which was used as a 'gold' paint.
Page last updated: 4:05pm, 06th Aug '07