Berthier, Louis Alexandre
1753 - Berthier was born on the 20th of February in Versailles. French soldier and the first of Napoleon's marshals.
- Berthier was one of Napoleon's closest comrades and although he proved poor at commanding troops on the field of battle he excelled at staff work and was a great asset to his master.
1777 - He joined the French Army and initially served in a technical branch of the army as an ingenieur geographe although he did serve in variety of corps both in infantry and cavalry and was wounded twice during his service.
1789 - Organized the Roman republic.
1792 - Made Chief of Staff to Marshal Lückner.
1795 - He survived the period of the Terror in France with only a brief suspension from duties and returned to duty in March as a general of Brigade and chief of staff of the Armies of Italy and the Alps.
- In the French Revolution he rose to be chief-of-staff in the Army of Italy and proclaimed the republic in Rome.
1796 - Accompanied Napoleon throughout the brilliant campaign.
1805 - Napoleon esteemed him highly as chief of staff of the Grande Armée.
1808 - Napoleon became emperor and Berthier was made a marshal of the empire.
- He became chief-of-staff to Napoleon, who made him Prince of Neuchâftel and Wagram.
- Married to Princess Mary Elizabeth and had 3 children.
1812 - He proved loyal and efficient to Napoleon till the end but the campaigns took a terrible price on France and Berthier was in a position to know exactly what this cost was.
- For his service he was well rewarded with money, a princedom and a wife of royal blood.
1815 - Louis Alexandre Berthier died of defenestration on 1st of Jun in Bamberg, Bavaria.
- Some claim he was assassinated, others that he committed suicide at the thought of allied troops marching towards France, others that he fell due to ill health.
Page last updated: 12:54pm, 07th Aug '07