Bentham, George

Portrait
Born: Sep 22, 1800 AD
Died: 1884 AD, at 83 years of age.

Nationality: English
Categories: Botanist


1800 - Born on September 22nd in Stoke near Portsmouth. English botanist.

1807 - At the age of seven he can speak French, German and Russian, and Swedish.

1823 - A visit to London, brought him into contact with the brilliant circle of English botanists.

1826 - Bentham's Catalogue des Plantes Indigènes des Pyrénées was published.

         - He had been elected a fellow of the Linnean Society.

1829 - He was secretary of the Royal Horticultural Society.

1831 - He was called to the Bar but never practised.

1832 - Bentham's first major botanical work, Labiatarum Genera et Species, appeared.

1833 - He married Sarah, the youngest daughter of Sir Halford Brydges and his wife Sarah, née Gott, widow of Richard Whitcombe.

1842 - Moved to Pontrilas in Herefordshire.

1854 - He found the maintenance of a herbarium and library too expensive.

1855 - In London, he worked at Kew for five days a week, with a brief summer holiday.

1857 - Government sanctioned a scheme for the preparation of a series of Floras or descriptions in the English language of the indigenous plants of British colonies and possessions.

1861-1874 - He became its president, but grew autocratic in the chair and vacated it in resentment when a ruling was outvoted.

         - Bentham was particularly associated with the preparation of the first of the famous Kew series of colonial floras: Flora Hongkongensis and Flora Australiensis, 7 vols., the manuscript of which was completed.

         - Among his honours were an honorary LL.D., a royal medal, the C.M.G. for services to colonial science after the publication of Flora Australiensis and the Clarke medal of the Royal Society of New South Wales.

1884 - Died on September 10th.
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