Bell, Gertrude Margaret Lowthian

Born: Jul 14, 1868 AD
Died: 1926 AD, at 57 years of age.

Nationality: English
Categories: Administrators, Archaeologist

1868 - Born on the 14th of July in Washington Hall, County Durham, England.

1884 - She went to Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford and gained a first class honours degree in history.

1892 - Traveled to Persia.

1899 - She again embarked to the Middle East.

1900 - Visited Palestine and Syria then traveled to Jerusalem.

1905 - She was again in the Middle East.

       - Published her observations in the book The Desert and the Sown.

1907 - Traveled to Turkey and began to work with the archaeologist and New Testament scholar Sir William M. Ramsey.

1909 - She left for Mesopotamia and visited the Hittite city of Carchemish.

1913 - Her Arabian journey was generally difficult.

       - She was the second foreign woman after Lady Anne Blunt to visit Ha'il.

1915 - She was summoned to Cairo to the Arab Bureau, headed by General Gilbert Clayton.

1916 - On 3rd of March she was arrived in Basra.

       - Became the only female political officer in the British forces and received the title of "Liaison Officer, Correspondent to Cairo."

1917 - She was called by Cox to Baghdad and presented with the title of "Oriental Secretary."

1919 - Assigned to conduct an analysis of the situation in Mesopotamia.

1920 - Percy Cox returned to Baghdad and asked her to continue as Oriental Secretary.

1925 - Returned to Britain and facing family problems and ill health.

1926 - She committed suicide in Baghdad on 12th of July with an overdose of sleeping pills.

Page last updated: 8:18am, 31st Jul '07
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