Barclay de Tolly, Mikhail

Born: Dec 24, 1761 AD
Died: 1818 AD, at 56 years of age.

Nationality: Russian
Categories: Prince

1761 - Prince Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly was born 24th of December in Pamuskis, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (now Zeimiai, Lithuania).


1788-1789 - Barclay served against the Turks, distinguishing himself in the taking of Ochakov and Akkerman.


1790 - Barclay operated against the Swedes.


1798 - Barclay became a Colonel.


1799 - He served as Major General.


1806 - Barclay took a distinguished part in the Battle of Pultusk.  


        -  December he was wounded at the Battle of Eylau.


1807 - He promoted to the rank of Lieutenant General.


1808 - Barclay returned to the army and commanded operations against the Swedes during the Finnish War.


1809 - Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly won the European reputation by a rapid and daring march over the frozen Gulf of Bothnia.


1812 - Barclay assumed the supreme command of the 1st Army of the West, the largest of the Russian armies facing Napoleon.


1813 - He once again became commander-in-chief of the Russian forces at the Battle of Bautzen.


1815 - Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly again served as commander-in-chief of the Russian army, which

invaded France.


1818 - Barclay de Tolly died at Insterburg in Prussia on 26th of May on his way back to Russia.


A grand statue of Prince Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly was erected in front of the Kazan Cathedral in St Petersburg on behest of Emperor Nicholas I.




Page last updated: 12:15am, 27th Nov '06
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