Thomas Aquinas

Portrait
Born: 1225 AD
Died: 1274 AD, at 49 years of age.

Nationality: Italian
Categories: Martyr, Religious Leaders, Saint, Theologian


1225 - Saint Thomas Aquinas, a Dominican theologian, met the challenge posed to Christian faith by the philosophical achievements of the Greeks and Arabs. Thomas d'Aquino, the son of a count, was born in his family's castle at Roccasecca, central Italy. He effected a philosophical synthesis of faith and reason that is one of the greatest achievements of medieval times.

1244 - He came into contact with members of the Dominican order and, against the violent opposition of his family, became a Dominican friar.

1245 - He then went north to study at Paris and Cologne under Albertus Magnus.

1252 - He taught at the Dominican studium generale (house of studies) in Paris.

1256 - He was named a master of theology.

1259 - He was in Italy, attached to the papal court.

1269 - 1272 - A second Parisian period, was followed by his assignment to Naples to head the Dominican studium generale.

1274 - Gone north to attend the Council of Lyon, Thomas fell ill and died in the Cistercian abbey of Fossanova on the 7th of March.

1277 - A number of Thomistic tenets were condemned by the bishop of Paris. Thomas met with a warmer reception in his own order.

1309 - His doctrine was prescribed for the Dominicans.
 
1323 - Thomas was canonized, and since that time his thought has become more or less the official doctrine of the Roman Catholic church.
Page last updated: 9:19pm, 25th Mar '07
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