Appleby, John Francis
Born: 1840 AD
Died: 1917 AD, at 77 years of age.
1840 - Born in Westmoreland, New York.
1845 - He moved to Wisconsin with his parents and settled on a farm near Palmyra.
1858 - While working on his step-father's farm in Iowa County, he invented the basic knotting device that was to become the foundation for all farm binding machinery.
1862-1865 - During the Civil War he served with the 23rd Wisconsin Infantry, and while in the army invented a cartridge magazine and a needle gun.
1867 - Returning to Wisconsin at the close of the war, he settled near Mazomanie where he tested his first grain binder unsuccessfully.
1870 - He moved to Beloit where he continued his experiments in the farm machinery shop of Charles H. Parker and Gustavus Stone.
1874 - He developed a successful wire binder, but was refused financial support because of farmer resentment against the use of wire binding.
- He returned to Mazomanie and formed the Appleby Reaper Works to construct self- rake reapers.
1878-1879 - He went again to Beloit where, with the backing of Parker and Stone, he perfected a successful twine binder on which patents were issued.
1881 - He sold his patent interests to the Champion Machine Works of Springfield, Ohio, and left the state. He continued to work on various inventions and eventually patented a horse-drawn cotton picker.
1917 - He died in Chicago, where he spent the latter part of his life.
Page last updated: 9:29am, 20th Jul '07