Ambedkar, Bhimrao Ramji
Born: Apr 14, 1891 AD
Died: 1956 AD, at 65 years of age.
1891 - Born on 14th of April in Central India as the fourteenth child to parents who belonged to the very lowest caste of Hindu society who are known as the dalits or untouchables.
1908 - Ambedkar passed the Matriculation exam from Bombay University.
1912 - Graduated from Elfinstone College, Bombay, joined Columbia University where he was awarded Ph.D for a thesis which he published in book form as “The Evolution of Provincial Finance in British India”.
1918 - Joined the London School of Economics and obtained a degree of D.Sc for his thesis, “The Problem of the Rupee”. He became a Professor of Political Economy in the Sydenham College of Commerce and Economics, Bombay.
1920 - Started a Marathi Weekly paper called ‘Mooknayak’ to champion the cause of the depressed classes.
1912 - He returned to India on April and started to practice in the Bombay High Court.
1924 - He founded the ‘Bahishkrit Hitkarini Sabha’ on July 20th to uplift the depressed classes. The aims of the Sabha were Educate, Agitate, and Organize.
1926 - Nominated as a member of the Bombay Legislative Council.
1932-1934 - He signed the Poona Pact on September with M.K. Gandhi giving up the separate electorates granted to the depressed classes by Ramsay MacDonald’s communal Award, and instead accepting representation through Joint Electorates which greatly increased the number of reserved seats.
- Became a member of joint parliamentary committee on the Indian Constitutional Reform.
1935 - Founded the Independent Labor Party and took part in the provincial elections that were held under the Government of India Act.
1941 - Appointed to the Defense Advisory Committee and in the following year joined the Viceroy’s Executive Council as a Labor Member.
- Transformed the Independent Labor Party into the All-India Scheduled Caste Federation.
1947 - On Aug 15th, India obtained her Independence. He was elected to the constitution assembly by the Bombay Legislature Congress Party.
- He joined Nehru’s cabinet and became the First Law Minister of Independent India.
1951 - Resigned from the Nehru cabinet because of the withdrawal of its support to the Hindu Code Bill.
1955 - Founded the Buddhist Society of India and installed a image of Buddha in a temple near Poona.
1956 - Died on the 6th of December. He was cremated at Dadar Chawpatti, which is now known as Chaitya Bhoomi Dadar in Bombay.
Page last updated: 3:07pm, 22nd Jan '07