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Poussin, Nicolas

Born: 1594 AD
Died: 1665 AD, at 71 years of age.

Nationality: French
Categories: Artists, Painters


1594 - Nicolas Poussin, born on the 15th of June in Les Andelys, Haute Normandie, France. He was a French painter in the French Baroque style. His work predominantly features clarity, logic, order and favors line over color.

1624 - Marino employed him on illustrations to his poem Adone (untraced) and on a series of illustrations for a projected edition of Ovid's Metamorphoses, took him into his household, and  enabled Poussin (who had been detained by commissions in Lyon and Paris) to rejoin him at Rome.

1627 - Among his first patrons, aside from Cardinal Francesco were: Cardinal Omodei, for whom he produced, the Triumphs of Flora (Louvre); Cardinal de Richelieu, who commissioned a Bacchanal (Louvre); Vincenzo Giustiniani, for whom was executed the Massacre of the Innocents, of which there is a first sketch in the British Museum; Cassiano dal Pozzo.

1630 - Early masterwork the Barberini Death of Germanicus, partly inspired by the reliefs of the Meleager sarcophagus, and the commission for St. Peter's that amounted to a public debut, the Martyrdom of St. Erasmus, with echoes of Pietro da Cortona.

1643 - Disgusted by the intrigues of Simon Vouet, Fouquières and the architect Jacques Lemercier, he withdrew to Rome.

1648 - He finished for De Chanteloup the second series of the Seven Sacraments (Bridgewater Gallery), and also his noble landscape with Diogenes throwing away his Scoop (Louvre).

1649 - He painted the Vision of St Paul (Louvre) for the comic poet Paul Scarron.

1651 - Painted the Holy Family (Louvre) for the duc de Créquy.

1665 - He died in Rome on the 19th of November and was buried in the church of San Lorenzo in Lucina, his wife having predeceased him.


Page last updated: 3:51pm, 06th Nov '08