Home » Artists » Poussin, Nicolas

Poussin, Nicolas

Born: 1594 AD
Died: 1665 AD
Nationality: French
Categories: Artists, Painters

1594 – Nicolas Poussin, born on the 15th of June in Les Andelys, Haute Normandie, France. He was a French painter in the French Baroque style. His work predominantly features clarity, logic, order and favors line over color.

1624 – Marino employed him on illustrations to his poem Adone (untraced) and on a series of illustrations for a projected edition of Ovid’s Metamorphoses, took him into his household, and  enabled Poussin (who had been detained by commissions in Lyon and Paris) to rejoin him at Rome.

1627 – Among his first patrons, aside from Cardinal Francesco were: Cardinal Omodei, for whom he produced, the Triumphs of Flora (Louvre); Cardinal de Richelieu, who commissioned a Bacchanal (Louvre); Vincenzo Giustiniani, for whom was executed the Massacre of the Innocents, of which there is a first sketch in the British Museum; Cassiano dal Pozzo.

1630 – Early masterwork the Barberini Death of Germanicus, partly inspired by the reliefs of the Meleager sarcophagus, and the commission for St. Peter’s that amounted to a public debut, the Martyrdom of St. Erasmus, with echoes of Pietro da Cortona.

1643 – Disgusted by the intrigues of Simon Vouet, Fouquières and the architect Jacques Lemercier, he withdrew to Rome.

1648 – He finished for De Chanteloup the second series of the Seven Sacraments (Bridgewater Gallery), and also his noble landscape with Diogenes throwing away his Scoop (Louvre).

1649 – He painted the Vision of St Paul (Louvre) for the comic poet Paul Scarron.

1651 – Painted the Holy Family (Louvre) for the duc de Créquy.

1665 – He died in Rome on the 19th of November and was buried in the church of San Lorenzo in Lucina, his wife having predeceased him.