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Peter I (Peter the Great)

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Born: 1672 AD
Died: 1725 AD, at 52 years of age.

Nationality: Russian
Categories: Tsar/Tzar/Czar

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Russian ruler and reformer.

 

1672 - Born on the 9th of June in Moscow, Russia.

 

1682-1725 - Tsar of Russia ruled jointly with Ivan V.

 

        - Peter implemented sweeping reforms aimed at modernizing Russia.

 

1689 - Planned to take power from his half-sister Sophia, whose position had been weakened by the

unsuccessful two Crimean campaigns.

 

1695 - Organized the Azov campaigns in order to take the fortress, but his attempts ended in failure.

 

         - Returned to Moscow in November and promptly began building a large navy.

 

1696 - Launched about thirty ships against the Ottomans capturing Azov in July.

 

1697 - Traveled to Europe incognito with a large Russian delegation-the so-called "Grand Embassy"-to seek

the aid of the European monarchs.

 

1698 - On 12th of September Peter The Great officially founded the first Russian Navy base, Taganrog.

 

1703 - Founded the great city of Saint Petersburg in Izhora.

 

1708 - Won battle of Pultowa.

 

1721 - Diamond order of Peter the Great, marked by further reform in Russia.

 

         - On 22nd of October he was acclaimed Emperor of All Russia.

 

1722 - Created a new order of precedence, known as the Table of Ranks.

 

         - Peter directed that precedence should be determined by merit and service to the Emperor.

 

1724 - Had his second wife, Catherine, crowned as Empress, although he remained Russia's actual ruler.

 

 1725 - Peter died 28th of January An autopsy revealed his bladder to be infected with gangrene.

 

 

 


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Page last updated: 1:55pm, 11th Dec '06