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Peter I (Peter the Great)

Born: 1672 AD
Died: 1725 AD, at 52 years of age.

Nationality: Russian
Categories: Tsar/Tzar/Czar


Russian ruler and reformer.


1672 - Born on the 9th of June in Moscow, Russia.


1682-1725 - Tsar of Russia ruled jointly with Ivan V.


        - Peter implemented sweeping reforms aimed at modernizing Russia.


1689 - Planned to take power from his half-sister Sophia, whose position had been weakened by the

unsuccessful two Crimean campaigns.


1695 - Organized the Azov campaigns in order to take the fortress, but his attempts ended in failure.


         - Returned to Moscow in November and promptly began building a large navy.


1696 - Launched about thirty ships against the Ottomans capturing Azov in July.


1697 - Traveled to Europe incognito with a large Russian delegation-the so-called "Grand Embassy"-to seek

the aid of the European monarchs.


1698 - On 12th of September Peter The Great officially founded the first Russian Navy base, Taganrog.


1703 - Founded the great city of Saint Petersburg in Izhora.


1708 - Won battle of Pultowa.


1721 - Diamond order of Peter the Great, marked by further reform in Russia.


         - On 22nd of October he was acclaimed Emperor of All Russia.


1722 - Created a new order of precedence, known as the Table of Ranks.


         - Peter directed that precedence should be determined by merit and service to the Emperor.


1724 - Had his second wife, Catherine, crowned as Empress, although he remained Russia's actual ruler.


 1725 - Peter died 28th of January An autopsy revealed his bladder to be infected with gangrene.





Page last updated: 2:55am, 11th Dec '06