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Papineau, Louis Joseph

Born: 1786 AD
Died: 1871 AD
Nationality: Canadian
Categories: Politician

1786 – Born on October 7th in Montereal, Quebec. A politician who was the leader of the French-Canadians in Lower Canada (now in Quebec) in the period preceding an unsuccessful revolt against the British government.

1808 – Papineau was elected a member of the House of Assembly of Lower Canada.

1812 – During the War against the United States, he served as an officer in the Canadian militia.

1815 – He became speaker of the House and was already recognized as leader of the French-Canadian party in its struggle against the English-dominated government of Lower Canada.

1820 – He was appointed a member of the Executive Council by the governor, Lord Dalhousie, but he resigned three years later.

1822 – Realized that he had no real influence. Papineau went to England to speak out in behalf of the French-Canadians, and he thereafter remained bitterly opposed to British government in Canada.

1827 – Lord Dalhousie refused to confirm Papineau’s speakership and resigned when the House supported Papineau.

1834 – Papineau inspired the 92 Resolutions, a statement of French-Canadian demands and grievances, which was passed by the assembly.

1837 – Lord Gosford, the governor, was authorized to reject the demands and to appropriate provincial revenues without the assembly’s consent. Papineau protested with inflammatory speeches.

1839-1844 – Hostilities broke out that November, and Papineau was forced to escape to the United States. He went to Paris and remained there until a general amnesty was granted.

1848-1854 – Papineau sat in the House of Commons, but he never regained his former dominance or his leadership of the French-Canadians.

         – He agitated for the redivision of Canada and for independence from Great Britain, then retired to private life.

1871 – Died on September 23rd in Montebello, Quebec.