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Gondola, Andrea Di Pietro Della (Palladio, Andrea)

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Born: 1518 AD
Died: 1580 AD, at 61 years of age.

Nationality: Italian
Categories: Architects

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1508 - Born on November 30th in Padua, Republic of Venice (Italy).  Italian architect, regarded as the greatest architect of 16th-century northern Italy.

1540 - Palladio designed his first villa, at Lonedo for Girolamo de' Godi, and his first palace, in Vicenza for Giovanni Civena. The Villa Godi has a plan clearly derived from the Villa Trissino but with similarities to traditional Venetian country houses.

1541 - At the Villa Trissino, Palladio met the young aristocracy of Vicenza, some of whom were to become his patrons. He had stylistically assimilated the Mannerist works of Michele Sanmicheli and the High Renaissance buildings of Jacopo Sansovino, whose library of St. Mark's in Venice had been begun.

1546 -  Palladio prepared designs for the reconstruction of the 15th-century town hall in Vicenza, known since then as the Basilica, and these plans were accepted, though much earlier designs, drawn by the Mannerist architect and painter Giulio Romano and by several other distinguished architects, had been previously rejected.

1547 - Palladio visited Rome with Trissino. These visits greatly affected his palace designs. On them, he saw the work of the greatest architects of the Roman High Renaissance style, Donato Bramante, Peruzzi, and Raphael, generally more remembered for his painting than for his architecture.

1550 - His designs for palaces (palazzi) and villas, notably the Villa Rotonda near Vicenza made him one of the most influential figures in Western architecture.

1554 -  Palladio published Le antichità di Roma (“The Antiquities of Rome”), which for 200 years remained the standard guidebook to Rome.

1556 - He collaborated with the classical scholar Daniele Barbaro in reconstructing Roman buildings for the plates of Vitruvius' influential architectural treatise (written after 26 BC) De architectura (On Architecture). The new edition was published in Venice.

1570 - At the end of 20 years of intensive building, Palladio published I quattro libri dell'architettura. This work was a summary of his studies of classical architecture. He used a number of his own designs to exemplify the principles of Roman design. The first book contains studies of materials, the classical orders, and decorative ornaments; the second, many of Palladio's designs for town and country houses, together with his classical reconstructions.

         - Palladio became the leading architect of the Veneto region.

1579 - Palladio designed a central-plan church as a chapel at Maser. It is a shallow Greek cross covered by a circular dome. Internally, the complex decoration of all surfaces relates it in style more closely to Palladio's late palace designs than to his churches.

         - Palladio's last commission came—to build a theatre in Vicenza for the Accademia Olimpica for the performance of classical dramas. The design of the Teatro Olimpico was in the nature of an academic exercise, being based on the reconstruction of the ancient Roman theatre at Orange, in France.

1580 - Died on August in Vicenza.

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Page last updated: 2:18am, 13th Apr '07