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O'Connor, Sandra

Born: 1930 AD
Currently alive, at 85 years of age.
Nationality: N/A
Categories: N/A

US jurist and Republican politician


member of Arizona senate 1969-1974


majority leader of Arizona senate 1973-1974 (1st female state senate majority leader in US)


judge on Maricopa County Superior Court 1974-1979


judge on Arizona Court of Appeals 1979-1981


Supreme Court justice 1981– (1st female justice)


wrote decisions for Shaw v. Reno 1993 (5-4, racially drawn North Carolina district is unconstitutional because of "bizarre shape"), Adarand Constructors v. Pena 1995 (5-4, federal affirmative action programs are "presumably unconstitutional" unless "narrowly tailored" to achieve "compelling national interest"), Libretti v. US 1995 (8-1, forfeiture of property as part of guilty plea settlement is not entitled to review by federal judge), National Endowment for the Arts v. Finley 1998 (8-1, decency test for awarding of federal arts grants is merely advisory and therefore does not constitute viewpoint discrimination)