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Noether, Amalie Emmy

Born: 1882 AD
Died: 1935 AD, at 53 years of age.

Nationality: German
Categories: Mathematicians


1882 - Born on the 23rd of March in Erlangen, Germany. Emmy Noether is best known for her contributions to abstract algebra, in particular, her study of chain conditions on ideals of rings.

1907-1908 - She received her doctorate under Paul Gordan.

         - Her dissertation in algebraic math earned her a doctorate summa cum laude.

         - She was invited to join the Circolo Matematico di Palermo.

1909 - Joined the German Mathematical Society -- but she still could not obtain a paying position at a University in Germany.

1915 - She moved to Gottingen, Germany but the University of Gottingen refused to let her teach.

         - Invited to Göttingen by David Hilbert, as a woman she could not hold a full academic post at that time, but worked there in a semi-honorary capacity.

1919 - She won the right to be a privatdozent  -- she could teach students, and they would pay her directly, but the university did not pay her anything.

1922 - The University gave her a position as an adjunct professor with a small salary and no tenure or benefits.

1928-1930 - Her work earned her enough recognition that she was invited as a visiting professor at the University of Moscow and at the University of Frankfurt.

1933 - She emigrated to the United States to Bryn Mawr and Princeton.

         - She had been forbidden from teaching undergraduate classes by the Nazi racial laws.

         - She joined the faculty at Bryn Mawr College in the United States.

1935 - She developed complications from an operation to remove a uterine tumor.

         - She died on the 14th of April in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania.


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