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Nehru, Jawaharlal

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Born: 1889 AD
Died: 1964 AD, at 74 years of age.

Nationality: Indian
Categories: Prime Ministers

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1889 – He was born on the 14th day of November this year in the city of Allahabad, situated along the banks of the Ganges River (now in the state of Uttar Pradesh).

 

1904 – He was tutored at home and attending some of the most modern schools in India, Nehru would travel to England at the age of 15 to attend Harrow.

 

1916 - Upon his return to India, His marriage was arranged with 16 year old Kamala Kaul. They got married on the 8th day of February this year, Nehru age was 27 by that time.

 

1920 – Early part of this year, he was elected president of the All India Trade Unions Congress. He and Subhash Chandra Bose had become the most prominent youth leaders, and both demanded outright political independence of India.

 

1924 – He was elected president of the municipal corporation of Allahabad, serving as the city's chief executive for two years. Nehru would launch ambitious schemes to promote education, sanitation, expand water and electricity supply, and reduce unemployment.

 

1926 – He took his wife and daughter to Europe so that Kamala could receive specialist medical care. The family traveled and lived in England, Switzerland, France, and Germany.

 

1927 – He became a member of the League against Imperialism created in Brussels.

 

1928 – He criticised the Nehru Report prepared by his father, which called for dominion status for India within the British Empire.

 

1929 – He raised the flag of independent India in Lahore.

 

1931 – He and his family remained at the forefront of the struggle. Arrested with his wife and sisters, Nehru would be imprisoned for all but four months between from this year until 1935.

 

1935 – He was released by the British and he traveled with his family once again to Europe in 1935, where Kamala his ailing wife, would remain bed-ridden.

 

1936 – He had been re-elected Congress President in this year, and had presided over its session in Lucknow. He was re-elected the following year, and oversaw the Congress national campaign for the 1937 elections.

 

1938 – His wife Kamala died this year.

 

1942 - He was arrested with the entire Congress Working Committee on the 9th of August of this year. He was transported to a maximum-security prison at a fort in Ahmednagar. Here he would remain incarcerated with his colleagues until June of 1945.

 

1947 – He reluctantly supported the partition of India as per a plan released by the British on June 3 of this year. He would take office as the Prime Minister of India on the 15th of August, and delivered his inaugural address titled "A Tryst with Destiny".

 

1950 – Following Patel's death in this year, he became the most popular and powerful Indian politician. Under his leadership, the Congress won an overwhelming majority in the elections of 1952, in which his son-in-law Feroze Gandhi was also elected.

 

1951 – He drew up the first Five-Year Plan in this year, which charted the government's investments in industries and agriculture. Increasing business and income taxes, he envisaged a mixed economy in which the government would manage strategic industries.

 

1953 – He grew increasingly wary of the U.N. and declined to hold a plebiscite in this year. He ordered the arrest of the Kashmiri politician Sheikh Abdullah, whom he had previously supported but now suspected of harboring separatist ambitions; Bakshi Ghulam Mohammad replaced him.

 

1956 – He had criticised the joint invasion of the Suez Canal by the British, French, and Israelis. Suspicion and distrust cooled relations between India and the U.S., which suspected Nehru of supporting the Soviet Union.

 

1957 - Mr. Nehru had led the Congress to a major victory in this year’s election, but his government was facing rising problems and criticism.

 

1962 – He was criticized for his failure of leadership during the Sino-Indian War in this year. In this year’s election, Nehru led the Congress to victory yet with a diminished majority.

 

1964 - Nehru suffered a stroke and later a heart attack. He died in the early hours of the 27th day of May this year. Nehru was cremated as per Hindu rites at the Shantivana on the banks of the Yamuna River,

 

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Page last updated: 8:00pm, 26th Jan '11

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