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Moore, Henry

Born: 1898 AD
Died: 1986 AD
2.8 (56%) 10 votes

1898 – Born on July 30th in Castleford, Yorkshire, England. English sculptor whose organically shaped, abstract, bronze and stone figures constitute the major 20th-century manifestation of the humanist tradition in sculpture.

1909-1915 – Moore won a scholarship to the Castleford Grammar School, where he studied.

1917 – Already ambitious to become a sculptor, the young Moore acceded to his father’s wish that he should first train to be a schoolteacher. For several months he did practice teaching, but because of World War I further training had to be postponed, and in February Moore joined the British Army.

1919 – In September, he was given a rehabilitation grant, to which he was entitled as a former serviceman, and he went to the Leeds School of Art, where he studied for two years. In his first year at Leeds, Moore spent most of his time studying drawing. Although he wanted to study sculpture, no teacher was appointed until his second year; and Moore was his first pupil. He was soon joined by a young student from nearby Wakefield, Barbara Hepworth, who also was to become a major sculptor.

1924 – Upon graduating from the Royal College, Moore was appointed a part-time instructor in sculpture for a seven-year term. His exceptional gifts and potential stature were already recognized by those who knew him best.

1925-1926 – He was also awarded a traveling scholarship and spent the first six months in France and Italy. Back in England, Moore began work on the first of his reclining women. He was also carving in stone: half-length female figures, mother and child groups, masks and heads.

1928 – Moore was given his first one-man exhibition, at the Warren Gallery in London, and he began his first public commission, a relief carving of the “North Wind” on the new headquarters building for the London Transport Board.

1929 – He married Irina Radetzky, of Russian-Austrian parentage, who was a painting student at the Royal College of Art. The young couple moved into a large studio in Hampstead, one of the northern suburbs of London.

1933 – Moore now began a close association with a group of young artists who formed Unit One, a deliberate attempt to make the indifferent English public aware of the international modern movement in art and architecture.

1934 – The driving spirit behind Unit One was the painter Paul Nash, but the leading members were Barbara Hepworth and her painter husband, Ben Nicholson. Another friend and advocate was the poet and critic Herbert Read, who wrote the first monograph on Moore.

1943 – Moore accepted a public commission to create a “Madonna and Child” for the church of St. Matthew in Northampton.

1957-1958 – Much of his work is monumental, and he was particularly well known for a series of reclining nudes. One of his major commissions was a sculpture for UNESCO headquarters in Paris.

1963-1965 – Created a sculpture for the Lincoln Center in New York City.

1978 – Another major sculpture was for the East Building of the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.

1986 – Died on August 31st in Much Hadham, Hertfordshire, England.

2.8 (56%) 10 votes