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Mill, John Stuart

Born: 1806 AD
Died: 1873 AD
Nationality: English
Categories: Writers

1806 – Born on May 20th in Pentonville, London, England. English philosopher and writer, son of the economist historian and philosopher James Mill, John Stuart Mill is one of the largest English thinkers of liberalism.

1820-1821 – Mill was in France in the family of Sir Samuel Bentham, brother of Jeremy Bentham. Away from his father he maintained his laborious habits.

         – He added to his work the study of psychology, and that of Roman law, which he read with John Austin, his father having half decided on the bar as the best profession open to him.

1822 – He entered as a clerk in the examiner’s office of the India House, "with the understanding that he should be employed from the beginning in preparing drafts of dispatches, and be thus trained up as a successor to those who then filled the highest departments of the office".

1825 – He engaged in set discussions at a reading society formed at Grote’s house, and in set debates at a Speculative Society formed in the same year.

1828 – He had ceased to write for the Westminster; but he contributed many essays to Tait’s Magazine, the Jurist, and the Monthly Repository.

1829 – He ceased to attend the society, but he carried away from it the strengthening memory of failure overcome by persevering effort, and the important doctrinal conviction that a true system of political philosophy was "something much more complex and many-sided than he had previously had any idea of, and that its office was to supply, not a set of model institutions but principles from which the institutions suitable to any given circumstances might be deduced".

1830 – The first sketch of Mill’s political philosophy appeared in a series of contributions to the Examiner in the autumn of 1830 entitled "Prospects in France".

1831 – The period of depression had passed; Mill’s enthusiasm for humanity had been thoroughly reawakened, and had taken the definite shape of an aspiration to supply an unimpeachable method of search for conclusions in moral and social science.

1835-1840 – Sir William Molesworth founded the London Review with Mill as editor; it was amalgamated with the Westminster (as the London and Westminster Review), and Mill continued editor.

1848 – The Political Economy was published. Mill could now feel that his main work was accomplished; he remained, however, on the alert for opportunities of useful influence, and pressed on with hardly diminished enthusiasm in his search for useful truth.

1851 – Married to Harriet Taylor.

1856 – Mill had charge of the Company’s relations with the native states and he became chief of the office with a salary of £2000.

1859 – Wrote "On Liberty", "Thoughts on Parliamentary Reform", "Utilitarianism", "The Subjection of Women" and "The Irish Land Question".

1865 – He agreed to stand as parliamentary candidate for Westminster, on conditions strictly in accordance with his principles.

1873 – Died on May 8th in Avignon, France.