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Miguel (Don Miguel María Evaristo de Bragança)

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Born: 1802 AD
Died: 1866 AD, at 64 years of age.

Nationality: Portuguese
Categories: King, Prince

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1802 - Miguel I, King of Portugal, Miguel Maria Evaristo de Bragança, usually known as Dom Miguel born on the 26th of October, whose name is chiefly associated with his pretensions to the throne of Portugal, was the third son of King João VI of Portugal, and of Carlota Joaquina, one of the Spanish Bourbons.

1807 - Accompanied his parents in their flight to Brazil, where he grew up an uneducated and fanatical debauchee.

1821 - Returned to Europe, it is said that he had not yet learned to read.

1822 - His father swore fidelity to the new Portuguese constitution which had been proclaimed in his absence; and this led Carlota Joaquina, who was an absolutist of the extremest Bourbon type, and hated her husband, to seek his dethronement in favor of Miguel her favorite son.

1824 - Spent a short time in Paris and afterwards lived in Vienna, where he came under the teaching of Metternich.

1826 - Sudden death of John VI in May, Pedro of Brazil, his eldest son, renounced the crown in favor of his daughter Maria da Gloria, on the understanding that she should become the wife of Miguel.

1827 - Named accordingly swore allegiance to Pedro, to Maria, and to the constitution which Pedro had introduced, and on this footing was appointed regent in July.

1828 - Arrived in Lisbon on the 28th of February, and, regardless of his promises, dissolved the new Cortes in March; having called together the old Cortes, with the support of the reactionary party of which his mother was the ruling spirit, he got himself proclaimed sole legitimate king of Portugal in July.

1832 - The public opinion of Europe became more and more actively hostile to his reign, and after the occupation of Oporto by Dom Pedro.

1833 - Destruction of Miguel's fleet by Captain (afterwards Sir Charles) Napier off Cape St. Vincent, and the victory of Saldanha at Santarem.

1834 - Queen Christina of Spain recognized the legitimate sovereignty of Maria, and in this was followed by France and England. Dom Miguel capitulated at Evora on the 29th of May, renouncing all pretensions to the Portuguese throne. He lived for some time at Rome, where he enjoyed papal recognition.

1851 - Already 48, he married Princess Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg, by whom he had six daughters and a son. In a similar fashion to Queen Victoria, he would become known as the grandfather of Europe, however this occurred after his own death. His widow succeeded in securing advantageous marriages for their daughters.

1866 - Retired to Bronnbach, in Baden, where he died on the 14th of November.






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