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Mercator, Gerardus (Gerhard Kremer)

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Born: 1512 AD
Died: 1594 AD, at 82 years of age.

Nationality: German
Categories: Cartographer

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1512 - Born in the Flemish town of Rupelmonde on the 5th of March. 1552 - He lived in Duisburg. 1535-1536 - They worked together to construct a terrestrial globe, although the role of Mercator in the project was not primarily as a cartographer, but as a highly skilled engraver of brass plates. 1537 - Mercator's own independent map-making only began when he produced a map of Palestine. 1552 - He moved to Duisburg, one of the major cities in the German Duchy of Cleves. 1564 - He taught mathematics at the academic college of Duisburg. After producing several maps he was appointed Court Cosmographer to the Duke Wilhelm of Cleve. 1569 - He constructed a new chart and first used it had parallel lines of longitude to aid navigation by sea, as compass courses could be marked as straight lines. 1570 - He took the word atlas to describe a collection of maps, and encouraged Abraham Ortelius to compile the first modern world atlas, Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. 1578 - He produced his own atlas in a number of parts, the first of which was published and consisted of corrected versions of the maps of Ptolemy 1594 - Died on the 2nd of December.

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Page last updated: 7:01am, 03rd Jan '10