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Mercator, Gerardus

Born: 1512 AD
Died: 1594 AD

1512 – Born in the Flemish town of Rupelmonde on the 5th of March. 1552 – He lived in Duisburg. 1535-1536 – They worked together to construct a terrestrial globe, although the role of Mercator in the project was not primarily as a cartographer, but as a highly skilled engraver of brass plates. 1537 – Mercator’s own independent map-making only began when he produced a map of Palestine. 1552 – He moved to Duisburg, one of the major cities in the German Duchy of Cleves. 1564 – He taught mathematics at the academic college of Duisburg. After producing several maps he was appointed Court Cosmographer to the Duke Wilhelm of Cleve. 1569 – He constructed a new chart and first used it had parallel lines of longitude to aid navigation by sea, as compass courses could be marked as straight lines. 1570 – He took the word atlas to describe a collection of maps, and encouraged Abraham Ortelius to compile the first modern world atlas, Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. 1578 – He produced his own atlas in a number of parts, the first of which was published and consisted of corrected versions of the maps of Ptolemy 1594 – Died on the 2nd of December.