3 BC – Menippus, of Gadara in Coele-Syria, Greek cynic and satirist.
– He was originally a slave, amassed a fortune as a money-lender, lost it, and committed suicide through grief.
– His works are all lost. He discussed serious subjects in a spirit of raillery, and especially delighted in attacking the Epicureans and Stoics.
– It is well known that the Menippean satires of M. Terentius Varro, the fragments of which give an idea of this kind of composition, were called after Menippus of Gadara.