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Maury, Matthew Fontaine

Born: 1806 AD
Died: 1873 AD, at 67 years of age.

Nationality: American
Categories: Naval Officer


1806 - Matthew Fontaine Maury was born on January 14th near Fredericksburg, Virginia.

1825 - Maury made his first three extended voyages to Europe, around the world, and to the Pacific coast of South America.

1834 - Maury married Ann Hull Herndon and settled in Fredericksburg.

         - Maury produced published works on sea navigation and detailing sea journeys. He also began writing political essays pushing for navy reform.

1842 - Maury was appointed superindent of the Depot of Charts and Instruments of the Navy Department in Washington.

1853 - Maury had become internationally recognized for his work. He was sent to an international congress at Brussels as the United States representative.

1855 - He published The Physical Geography of the Sea, which is now credited as "the first textbook of modern oceanography".

1861 - On April 20th, three days after Virginia succeeded from the Union, Maury resigned from the United States Navy.

1872 - Maury returned to Lexington, Virginia to accept the position of professor of meteorology at Virginia Military Institute. Maury became ill during one of his lecturing tours.

1873 - He died several months later on February 1st .


Page last updated: 1:32pm, 23rd May '07