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Mascagni, Pietro

Born: 1863 AD
Died: 1945 AD
Nationality: Italian
Categories: Composers

1863 – Born on December 7th in Livorno, Kingdom of Italy. Italian operatic composer, one of the principal exponents of verismo, a style of opera writing marked by melodramatic, often violent plots with characters drawn from everyday life.

1889 – He won the first prize in a competition with his one-act opera Cavalleria rusticana, based on a Sicilian melodrama by Giovanni Verga.

1890 – Produced at the Teatro Costanzi, Rome, on May 17th, it was an instant success and subsequently maintained its popularity, usually being given with Ruggero Leoncavallo’s one-act Pagliacci.

1901 – Le maschere, reviving the commedia dell’arte, is musically superior, though it had little success.

1929 – He succeeded Arturo Toscanini as musical director of La Scala, Milan.

1935 – Among Mascagni’s other operas are L’amico Fritz, Iris, and Nerone, the last glorifying Benito Mussolini.

1945 – Died on August 2nd in Rome, Italy.