1863 – Born on December 7th in Livorno, Kingdom of Italy. Italian operatic composer, one of the principal exponents of verismo, a style of opera writing marked by melodramatic, often violent plots with characters drawn from everyday life.
1889 – He won the first prize in a competition with his one-act opera Cavalleria rusticana, based on a Sicilian melodrama by Giovanni Verga.
1890 – Produced at the Teatro Costanzi, Rome, on May 17th, it was an instant success and subsequently maintained its popularity, usually being given with Ruggero Leoncavallo’s one-act Pagliacci.
1901 – Le maschere, reviving the commedia dell’arte, is musically superior, though it had little success.
1929 – He succeeded Arturo Toscanini as musical director of La Scala, Milan.
1935 – Among Mascagni’s other operas are L’amico Fritz, Iris, and Nerone, the last glorifying Benito Mussolini.
1945 – Died on August 2nd in Rome, Italy.