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Malcolm X (Malcolm Little, El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz, Al Hajj Malik al-Shab)

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Born: 1925 AD
Died: 1965 AD, at 39 years of age.

Nationality: German
Categories: Activists

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1925 - Born on May 19th in Omaha, Nebraska. A black militant leader who articulated concepts of race pride and black nationalism in the early 1960s. 1946 - While in prison for burglary, he was converted to the Black Muslim faith (Nation of Islam); this sect professed the superiority of black people and the inherent evil of whites. 1952 - Released from prison, Malcolm went to Nation of Islam headquarters in Chicago, met the sect's leader, Elijah Muhammad, and embraced its rigorous asceticism. 1961 - He founded Muhammad Speaks, the official publication of the movement. He was eventually assigned to be minister of the important Mosque Number Seven in New York City's Harlem area. 1963 - Malcolm X described the assassination of President John F. Kennedy as a “case of chickens coming home to roost”—an instance of the kind of violence that whites had long used against blacks. 1964 - On March, Malcolm X left the Nation of Islam and announced the formation of his own religious organization.          - As a result of a pilgrimage he took to Mecca in April, he modified his views of black separatism, declaring that he no longer believed whites to be innately evil and acknowledging his vision of the possibility of world brotherhood. In October, he reaffirmed his conversion to orthodox Islm. 1965 - He died on February 21st in New York, New York. He was shot to death at a rally of his followers at a Harlem ballroom. Three Black Muslims were convicted of the murder.          - After his assassination, the widespread distribution of his life story "The Autobiography of Malcolm X" made him an ideological hero, especially among black youth.

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Page last updated: 12:59pm, 22nd Mar '07

  • "Don't be in a hurry to condemn because he doesn't do what you do or think as you think or as fast. There was a time when you didn't know what you know today."
  • "Usually when people are sad, they don't do anything. They just cry over their condition. But when they get angry, they bring about a change."
  • "You're not to be so blind with patriotism that you can't face reality. Wrong is wrong, no matter who does it or says it."
  • "Power never takes a back step - only in the face of more power."
  • "Nobody can give you freedom. Nobody can give you equality or justice or anything. If you're a man, you take it."