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Machiavelli, Niccolo

Born: 1469 AD
Died: 1527 AD
Nationality: Italian
Categories: Authors, Philosopher, Politician

1469 – Born in San Casciano in Val di Pesa on the 3rd of May.

1494 – He entered government service as a clerk, that same year, Florence expelled the Medici family, who had ruled the city for nearly sixty years, and restored the republic.

1499 – He was sent on a number of diplomatic missions to the court of Louis XII in France, Ferdinand II of Aragón, and the Papacy in Rome.

1502-1503 – He was a witness to the effective statebuilding methods of the soldier/churchman Cesare Borgia, an immensely capable general and statesman who was at that time engaged in enlarging his territories in central Italy through a mixture of audacity, prudence, self-reliance, firmness and, not infrequently, cruelty.

1506 – Machiavelli was responsible for the Florentine militia including the defense of the city. He distrusted mercenaries and much preferred a citizen militia.

1513 – He was accused of conspiracy and arrested.

1527 – Machiavelli died in San Casciano, a few miles outside of Florence, on the 22nd of June.