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Machado de Assis, Joaquim Maria

Born: 1839 AD
Died: 1908 AD
Nationality: Brazilian
Categories: Novelists

1839 – Joaquim Maria Machado de Assis was born on June 21st in Rio de Janeiro, the son of a mulatto house painter and a Portuguese woman.

         – Machado de Assis is considered one of the greatest writers in Portuguese language of all time.

1855 – At 16 he published his first poem, "Ela", in "Marmota Fluminense" magazine.

1858 – He started to write for newspapers.

1862-1864 – Machado de Assis was a member and a censor of Conservatório Dramático Brasileiro.

1869 – He was married to Carolina de Novaes, a cultured Portuguese woman from a distinguished family.

1873 – He worked as a clerk and then as a Director of the accounting division at the Ministry of Agriculture.

1878 – In the Romantic period, he wrote: "Ressurreição", "A Mão e a Luva", "Helena" and "Iaiá Garcia".

1879 – When his health broke down, Machado went to a health resort, from where he emerged with a new vision of literature.

1881 – He dictated to his wife Memórias póstumas de Brás Cubas (Posthumous Reminiscences of Bras Cubas), in which the narrator tells his story after his death.

1891 – He wrote poetry collections "Crisalidas", "Falenas", novels "Iaia Garcia", "Memorias postumas de Braz Cubas" and "Quincas Barba".

1897 – He founded and became first president of the Brazilian Academy of Letters.

1908 – Machado de Assis was afflicted by epilepsy and he rarely traveled outside his native city.

         – Died on September 29th.