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Louis XIV

Born: 1638 AD
Died: 1715 AD
2.8 (56.1%) 82 votes

1638 – The future king of France was born on the 5th day of September this year at the royal Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye.


1643 – He ruled as King of France and of Navarre from May 14 of this year until his death. He acceded to the throne a few months before his fifth birthday, but did not assume actual personal control of the government until the death of his First Minister, Jules Cardinal Mazarin, in 1661.


1648 – He sought to levy a tax on the members of the Parliament, a court whose judges comprised mostly nobles or high clergymen.


1660 – He married Marie-Therese; he had not remained utterly faithful to her for long after their union this year.


1665 – Louis XIV, after having eliminated Nicolas Fouquet and abolished his position of Surintendant des Finances, appointed Jean-Baptiste Colbert as Contrôleur-Général des Finances in this year.


1667 – He personally participated in the campaigns of the ensuing War of Devolution, which broke out this year.


1679 – The Treaty of Nijmegen further increased France’s influence in Europe, but did not satisfy Louis XIV. The King dismissed his foreign minister, in this year, as he was viewed as having compromised too much with the allies and for being too much of a pacifist. He also kept up his army to utilized judicial processes to accomplish further territorial aggrandizement.


1683 – His Queen, Marie-Therese, died in this year. He remarked on her demise that that was the only one occasion in which she had caused him anguish. Although, he was said to have performed his marital duties every night.


1685 – He stood at the apogee of his power. One of France’s chief rivals, the Holy Roman Empire, was occupied in fighting the Ottoman Empire in the War of the Holy League, which began in 1683 and lasted until 1699.


1715 – He died on the 1st day of September this year at age 76.

2.8 (56.1%) 82 votes