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Louis Philippe (the Citizen King, le Roi citoyen; Duke of Orleans)

Born: 1773 AD
Died: 1850 AD, at 76 years of age.

Nationality: French
Categories: King

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1773 - Born on October 6th on Paris, France. A French king who ultimately fell from power because he could not win the allegiance of the new industrial classes.

1785 - At first styled Duke de Valois, he became Duke de Chartres when his father inherited the title Duke d'Orléans.

1789 - On the outbreak of the French Revolution, Louis-Philippe joined the group of progressive nobles who supported the Revolutionary government.

1790 - He became a member of the Jacobin Club.

1792 - When France went to war with Austria in April, he joined the Army of the North, receiving a commission as lieutenant general in September.

1793 - He joined his commander, Charles-François Dumouriez, in deserting to the Austrians. He took refuge in Switzerland and taught under an assumed name at the college at Reichenau.

         - He became Duke d'Orléans on the execution of his father by the Jacobin government in November.

1800 - He arrived in England and found that there was no hope of rallying opposition to Napoleon, he reconciled the house of Orléans with the elder branch of the Bourbon family, headed by Louis XVIII, the exiled titular king of France.

1809 - After a long residence at Twickenham in England, Louis-Philippe joined the Neapolitan royal family at Palermo, Sicily.

         - He married Marie-Amélie, a daughter of King Ferdinand IV of Naples on November 25th.

1815 - When Napoleon again seized power in March, he fled to England. After the Second Restoration of Louis XVIII, Louis-Philippe was a consistent adherent of the liberal opposition.

1830 - Charles X's attempt to enforce repressive ordinances touched off a rebellion that gave Louis-Philippe his long-awaited opportunity to gain power.

         - He was elected lieutenant general of the kingdom by the legislature on July 31st, two days before Charles abdicated the throne. On August 9th, Louis-Philippe accepted the crown.

1846 - The industrial and agricultural depression aroused widespread popular discontent at a time when the king had already embittered the lower bourgeoisie through his refusal to extend to them the franchise.

1848 - Faced with an insurrectionary movement of proletarian and middle-class elements, Louis-Philippe abdicated on February 24th, and withdrew to Surrey in England, where he died.

1850 - He died on August 26th in Claremont, Surrey, England.

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Page last updated: 1:59am, 14th Mar '07