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Liszt, Franz

Born: 1811 AD
Died: 1886 AD
2.6 (52.5%) 8 votes

1811 – He was born on the 22nd day of October this year in Doborján, Austrian Empire. He was a weak and sickly child, and was surrounded from his early childhood with music. His father, who worked at the court of Prince Esterházy, was himself a pianist.


1823 – Liszt gave a concert at which, according to legend, he impressed Beethoven to such an extent that he personally congratulated Liszt, kissing him on the forehead and giving him enthusiastic praise. Liszt left Vienna in 1823 to travel. In Paris, he studied composition with Ferdinando Paer and Anton Reicha.


1832 – He attended a concert by the virtuoso violinist Paganini and became motivated to become the greatest pianist of his day. He often took to seclusion in his room, and was heard practising for over 5 hours a day.


1834 – He wrote the Grande Fantaisie de Bravoure sur La Clochette de Paganini ("Grand Bravura Fantasy on Paganini’s La Campanella"). A shorter piece using the same thematic content was included in the 1838 Etudes d’Execution Transcendante d’apres Paganini (Studies of Transcendental Execution inspired by Paganini).


1835 – He lived with Marie d’Agoult and had three children with her: Blandine, Cosima, and Daniel. They got divorced in 1839.


1840 – Liszt took part in two tours of the British Isles arranged by the young musician and conductor Lewis Henry Lavenu, accompanied by Lavenu’s half-brother (and pupil of Sigismond Thalberg) Frank Mori, two female singers, and John Orlando Parry, a musician, singer and entertainer


1842 – When "Lisztomania" swept across the European continent, Liszt’s recitals were in an overwhelming demand. His admirers praised and courted him, and women reputedly fought over his handkerchiefs and green silk gloves as souvenirs, which they often ripped to pieces in their struggle.


1847 – He gave up public performances on the piano and in the following year finally took up the invitation of Maria Pavlovna of Russia to settle at Weimar, where he had been appointed Kapellmeister Extraordinaire in 1842, remaining there until 1861.


1851 – He published a revised version of his 1837 Douze Grandes Etudes, now titled Etudes d’Execution Transcendante, and the following year the Grandes Etudes de Paganini (Grand etudes after Paganini), the most famous of which is La Campanella (The Little Bell), a study in octaves, trills and leaps.


1861 – Liszt moved to Rome in this year, in anticipation of his marriage to Princess Sayn-Wittgenstein.


1865 – He received the tonsure and four Minor Orders of the Catholic Church (namely, Porter, Lector, Exorcist, and Acolyte).


1869 – From this year onwards, Abbé Liszt divided his time between Rome, Weimar and Budapest where during the summer months he continued to receive pupils gratis, including Alexander Siloti. During this time, his relationship with Wagner grew more strained.


1876 – Until his death, he also taught for several months every year at the Hungarian Conservatoire at Budapest.


1886 – He died at age 74 because of pneumonia which he contracted during the Bayreuth Festival hosted by his daughter Cosima.on the 31st day of July this year in Bayreuth, Germany.

2.6 (52.5%) 8 votes