US counterculture activist, psychologist, and promoter of psychedelic drugs
professor of psychology at Harvard University 1959-1963
experienced psychedelic drugs on trip to Mexico 1960, experienced LSD 1961
studied and promoted psychedelic drugs in attempt to expand consciousness and bring about less institutional society
dismissed from Harvard faculty for drug experiments 1963
founder and leader of Castilia Center in Millbrook, New York 1963-1966
converted to Hinduism on trip to India 1965
founded League for Spiritual Discovery 1966
coined and popularized slogan "turn on, tune in, drop out" 1966
after conviction for marijuana possession, imprisoned 1970 but escaped, with help from Weathermen activists, and fled to Algeria to join with Black Panthers
captured in Afghanistan by US agents 1973 and returned to US, imprisoned 1973-1976, sentence shortened for testifying against Weathermen who had arranged 1970 prison escape
co-wrote "The Psychedelic Experience: A Manual Based on the Tibetan Book of the Dead" 1964, wrote "Psychedelic Prayers After the Tao-te-ching" 1966, "The Politics of Ecstasy" 1968, "Jail Notes" 1970, "Confessions of a Hope Fiend" 1973, "Exo-Psychology: A Manual on the Use of the Human Nervous System According to the Instructions of the Manufacturers" 1977, autobiography "Flashbacks" 1983
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- "You can always pick up your needle and move to another groove."
- "We are dealing with the best-educated generation in history. But they've got a brain dressed up with nowhere to go."
- "Turn on, tune in and drop out."
- "There are three side effects of acid. Enchanced long term memory, decreased short term memory, and I forget the third."