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Lavoisier, Antoine Laurent

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Born: 1743 AD
Died: 1794 AD, at 50 years of age.

Nationality: French
Categories: Chemists

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French Chemist and called the "father of modern chemistry".

 

1743- Born 26th of August.

 

1754-1761 - Attended the College Mazarin studying chemistry, botany, astronomy, and mathematics.

 

1764 - His first chemical publication appeared.

 

1767 - Worked on a geological survey of Alsace-Lorraine.

 

         - Elected a member of the French Academy of Sciences, France's most elite scientific society.

 

1768 - Worked for an essay on street lighting and in recognition for his earlier research.

 

1769 - He worked on the first geological map of France.

 

         - Attempted to introduce reforms in the French monetary and taxation system.

 

1771 - Married the 13-year-old Marie-Anne Pierrette Paulze, the daughter of a co-owner of the Ferme.

 

1775 - Lavoisier served in the Royal Gunpowder Administration.

 

Lavoisier's most important experiments examined the nature of combustion, or burning.

 

1783 - Discovered that the flammable air of Henry Cavendish which he termed hydrogen (Greek for "water-

former"), combined with oxygen to produce a dew, as Joseph Priestley had reported, which appeared to be

water.

 

1789 - Wrote "Traite elementaire de chimie".

 

1794 - Lavoisier was branded a traitor during the Reign of Terror by revolutionists.

 

        - Convicted, and executed on the 8th of May in Paris.

 

 

 


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Page last updated: 5:23pm, 11th Dec '06

  • "The art of drawing conclusions from experiments and observations consists in evaluating probabilities and in estimating whether they are sufficiently great or numerous enough to constitute proofs. This kind of calculation is more complicated and more difficult than it is commonly thought to be. . ."