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Lavoisier, Antoine Laurent

Born: 1743 AD
Died: 1794 AD
Nationality: French
Categories: Chemists

French Chemist and called the "father of modern chemistry".

1743- Born 26th of August.

1754-1761 – Attended the College Mazarin studying chemistry, botany, astronomy, and mathematics.

1764 – His first chemical publication appeared.

1767 – Worked on a geological survey of Alsace-Lorraine.

         – Elected a member of the French Academy of Sciences, France’s most elite scientific society.

1768 – Worked for an essay on street lighting and in recognition for his earlier research.

1769 – He worked on the first geological map of France.

         – Attempted to introduce reforms in the French monetary and taxation system.

1771 – Married the 13-year-old Marie-Anne Pierrette Paulze, the daughter of a co-owner of the Ferme.

1775 – Lavoisier served in the Royal Gunpowder Administration.

Lavoisier’s most important experiments examined the nature of combustion, or burning.

1783 – Discovered that the flammable air of Henry Cavendish which he termed hydrogen (Greek for "water-

former"), combined with oxygen to produce a dew, as Joseph Priestley had reported, which appeared to be


1789 – Wrote "Traite elementaire de chimie".

1794 – Lavoisier was branded a traitor during the Reign of Terror by revolutionists.

        – Convicted, and executed on the 8th of May in Paris.