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Kamau wa Ngengi (Kenyatta, Jomo, Mzee Jomo Kamau, Kaman Ngengi Johnstone)

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Born: 1893 AD
Died: 1978 AD, at 84 years of age.

Nationality: African
Categories: Politician, Prime Ministers

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1894 - Born on October 20th in Ichaweri, British East Africa (now in Kenya).  African statesman and nationalist, the first prime minister and then the first president of independent Kenya.

1904 - Kamau became seriously ill with jigger infections in his feet and one leg, and he underwent successful surgery at a newly established Church of Scotland mission.

1914 - In August, he was baptized with the name Johnstone Kamau. He was one of the earliest of the Kikuyu to leave the confines of his own culture. And, like many others, Kamau soon left the mission life for the urban attractions of Nairobi.

1928 - Kenyatta launched a monthly Kikuyu-language newspaper called Mwigithania (“He Who Brings Together”), aimed at gaining support from all sections of the Kikuyu.

1938 - His thesis was revised and published as Facing Mount Kenya, a study of the traditional life of the Kikuyu characterized by both insight and a tinge of romanticism.

1946 - Kenyatta returned to Kenya in September to take up leadership of the newly formed Kenya African Union, of which he was elected president in June.

1952 - Kenyatta was arrested on charges of having directed the Mau Mau movement.

1953 - Kenyatta was sentenced to a seven-year imprisonment for “managing the Mau Mau terrorist organization.” He denied the charge then and afterward, maintaining that the Kenya African Union's political activities were not directly associated with Mau Mau violence.

1961-1962 - Kenyatta was released in August, and, at the London Conference, he negotiated the constitutional terms leading to Kenya's independence.

1963 - Kenya celebrated its independence on December 12th, with Kenyatta as prime minister.

1964 - He was the first president of Kenya.

1978 - Died on August 22nd in Mombasa, Kenya. After his death at Mombasa, Kenyatta was succeeded by Daniel arap Moi, who continued most of his policies.

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Page last updated: 4:07pm, 07th Apr '07