1928 – Born on February 19th in Budapest, Hungary. Bela Julesz, a cognitive scientist and professor emeritus of Psychology.
– Dr. Bela Julesz was a neuroscientist who performed groundbreaking studies on the way the human brain perceives depth, texture and shape, who developed the random-dot stereogram test which proved that the human brain first perceives three-dimensional depth, then motion and finally the form of an object.
1956 – He conducted engineering research in network theory, microwave systems and television signals until he earned his doctorate at the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
– Julesz and his wife, Margit, immigrated to the United States.
– He joined AT&T Bell Laboratories (now Lucent Technologies Bell Labs), where he conducted research in the analysis and processing of pictorial information.
1959 – Julesz found his scientific calling in vision research, specifically in the physiological psychology of form perception.
1960 – He revolutionized the study of depth perception by designing “random-dot stereograms” – paired images that are individually meaningless, yet form a coherent 3-D picture when viewed simultaneously, one by each eye.
1971 – His book, “Foundations of Cyclopean Perception”, presented this thesis and is now considered among the most influential publications of the 20th century for cognitive science.
1983 – Julesz was awarded the prestigious MacArthur Fellow “Genius” Award, and four years later he was elected to the National Academy of Sciences. Subsequently, he received the Karl Spencer Lashley Award from the American Philosophical Society and was elected Fellow of the Society of Experimental Psychologists.
– He was on the advisory board of the Santa Fe Institute, an associate of the Neurosciences Institute, as well as an honorary member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences.
1989 – Julesz retired from Bell Labs and joined the Rutgers department of psychology to establish the Laboratory of Vision Research.
1994 – Julesz published his book, “Dialogues on Perception,” a wide-ranging intellectual effort in which he used classic dialectics (a form of logical argumentation developed in ancient Greece), to question both his own successes and those of his chosen field.
1999 – Retired from the department of psychology at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, New Brunswick.
2003 – He died suddenly on December 31st in Warren, New Jersey of undetermined causes at age 75.