US author, literary critic, and educator
president of American Academy of Arts and Sciences 1944-1951
wrote "The Theory of American Literature" 1948, "O Strange New World: American Culture-The Formative Years" 1964 (Pulitzer Prize for nonfiction 1965), "Jeffersonianism and the American Novel" 1967
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- "Persecution is the first law of society because it is always easier to suppress criticism than to meet it."