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Jackson, Robert Houghwout

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Born: 1892 AD
Died: 1954 AD, at 62 years of age.

Nationality: American
Categories: Jurist

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1892 - Born on February 13th in Spring Creek, Pennsylvannia. American jurist.

1913 - Despite the fact that he did not have a law degree, he was admitted to the bar after a brief period of study at Albany law school.

1916 - Married to Irene Alice Gerhardt.

1934 - He was appointed general counsel of the Bureau of Internal Revenue.

1936-1938 - He served as Assistant Attorney General in charge of the antitrust division.

         - A strong advocate of New Deal policies, Jackson became U.S. Solicitor General.

1940 - Became athe United States Attorney General.

1941 - He was an Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.

         - President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed him to the Supreme Court.

1943 - His best-known decision was West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette, which struck down statutes that made saluting the flag mandatory for school children, thereby significantly expanding the scope of free speech laid out in the first amendment to the U.S. Constitution.

1945 - He went on leave from the bench to be U.S. chief counsel at the Nuremberg war crimes trial. His feud with Justice Hugo L. Black probably eliminated him from consideration for Chief Justice when Harlan Stone died.

1946 - Prosecuted the Nuremberg trials.

1952 - William Rehnquist clerked for Jackson.

1953 - Was a Alfalfa Party candidate for U.S. President.

1954 - Died from heart failure on October 9th.

1955 - He wrote The Struggle for Judicial Supremacy, The Case Against the Nazi War Criminals, and The Supreme Court in the American System of Government.

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Page last updated: 12:07am, 10th Jul '07