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Jackson, Andrew

Born: 1767 AD
Died: 1845 AD
3.3 (66.67%) 120 votes

US general and Democratic politician


Representative from Tennessee 1796-1797


Senator from Tennessee 1797-1798, 1823-1825


justice of Tennessee Superior Court 1798-1804


fought in War of 1812 1812-1815


defeated Creeks at battle of Horseshoe Bend 1814


defeated British at battle of New Orleans 1815


fought in First Seminole War 1817-1818


military governor of Florida territory 1821


chairman of Senate Military Affairs Committee 1823-1825


Democratic-Republican presidential candidate 1824


7th president of US 1829-1837


extended use of spoils system in federal hiring


forced Native American tribes to leave southeastern US and resettle on western reservations, pursuant to Indian Removal Act of 1830


when South Carolina refused to accede to federal tariff laws, denounced South Carolina’s Ordinance of Nullification 1832 and asserted federal power to collect import duties in South Carolina by armed force


vetoed bill to recharter of 2nd Bank of US 1832, causing Bank to dissolve upon expiration of existing charter 1836


gave diplomatic recognition to newly independent Republic of Texas 1836


issued Specie Circular 1836, requiring federal lands to be bought only with gold or silver, helping to precipitate Panic of 1837

3.3 (66.67%) 120 votes