1877 – Born on November 9th in Sialkot, Punjab, British India. He attained a reputation as a poet and philosopher, Iqbal is better remembered as the father of modern Pakistan. 1915 – His most celebrated work, the Persian Asra-e khudi/Secrets of the Self, put forward a theory of the self that was opposite to the traditional abnegation found in Islam. 1922 – He was knighted. 1930 – In his presidential address to the Muslim League, he first suggested that the Muslims of northwestern India should demand a separate nation for themselves. 1938 – Died on April 21st.